ObjectivesTo assess the effects of elder‐clowning on moderate to severe behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in nursing home residents with dementia, primarily of the Alzheimer's type.
ParticipantsNursing home residents with moderate to severe BPSD, as defined according to a Neuropsychiatric Inventory—Nursing Home version (NPI‐NH)...
ObjectivesTo understand obstetrician–gynecologist perceptions of the value of external genitalia inspection and speculum examinations in older and younger healthy women across the life span.
DesignNational survey from May 2010 to January 2011 asking obstetrician–gynecologists about the need for and importance of external inspection and speculum examination in four scenarios of asymptomatic healthy...
ObjectivesTo compare patterns of emergency department (ED) use and inpatient admission rates for elderly adults with cancer with a poor prognosis who enrolled in hospice to those of similar individuals who did not.
DesignMatched case–control study.
SettingNationally representative sample of Medicare fee‐for‐service beneficiaries with cancer with a poor prognosis who died in 2011.
ObjectivesTo evaluate whether fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF‐23) is related to frailty and to characterize the nature of their joint association with mortality.
DesignCross‐sectional analysis for frailty and longitudinal cohort analysis for mortality.
SettingCardiovascular Health Study.
ParticipantsCommunity‐dwelling individuals (N = 2,977; mean age 77.9 ± 4.7, 40% male, 83% white).
ObjectivesTo determine what effect driving cessation may have on subsequent health and well‐being in older adults.
DesignSystematic review of the evidence in the research literature on the consequences of driving cessation in older adults.
ParticipantsDrivers aged 55 and older.
MeasurementsStudies pertinent to the health consequences of driving cessation were identified through...
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo in older adults. Beyond the unpleasant sensation of vertigo, BPPV also negatively affects older adults' gait and balance and increases their risk of falling. As such it has a profound effect on function, independence, and quality of life. Otoconia are the inner ear structures that help detect horizontal and vertical movements...
Falls in older adults are a global public health crisis, but mounting evidence from randomized controlled trials shows that falls can be reduced through exercise. Public health authorities and healthcare professionals endorse the use of evidence‐based, exercise‐focused fall interventions, but there are major obstacles to translating and disseminating research findings into healthcare practice, including...
ObjectivesTo determine whether there may be a common mechanism resulting in global sensory impairment of the five classical senses (vision, smell, hearing, touch, and taste) in older adults.
DesignRepresentative, population‐based study.
SettingNational Social Life, Health, and Aging Project.
ParticipantsCommunity‐dwelling U.S. adults aged 57 to 85.
MeasurementsThe frequency with which impairment...
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.