To describe a systematic process for the development of a nurse‐led smartphone‐based self‐management programme for type 2 diabetes patients with poor glycaemic control in Singapore.
A three‐step process involving the application of a theoretical framework, evidence from literature, content validity, and pilot tests were conducted for the content and technical development of the programme. Content experts and lay patients evaluated the appropriateness, relevance, and comprehensibility of the newly developed Care4Diabetes application. A pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted with 40 patients recruited in Singapore. Twenty patients each were randomly allocated to the control and intervention groups. The study outcomes were collected at baseline and at 3 months thereafter.
The nurse‐led smartphone‐based self‐management programme was developed with integration of the Care4Diabetes application and the web‐portal system. The pilot results indicated that the effects of this smartphone‐based programme on patient's health‐related outcomes were comparable with those of the currently available nurse‐led diabetes service.
The smartphone‐based self‐management intervention was deemed effective, yet full‐scale randomized controlled trials are still ongoing and the results of these may provide strong evidence of the effectiveness of such an approach in improving patient care.
The uniqueness of this study lies in the integrated system used, which offers a clinical platform for diabetes nurses to provide personalized coaching and care to patients remotely, while monitoring patients' progress closely. By adopting such an approach, it would free up more time for nurses to cater to patients who are more critically in need of their direct attention.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.