Despite transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) being regarded as gold standard for prostate volume estimation, concerns have been raised in the literature concerning its accuracy especially in men with above‐average prostate volumes. We aimed to evaluate the performance of TRUS for prostate volume estimation in a cohort of sub‐Saharan African men since they are known to have relatively large mean prostate volumes.
This was a prospective study of 77 sub‐Saharan African men who had open simple prostatectomy for benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). Pre‐operative TRUS determined total prostate volume (TPV) and transition zone volume (TZV). Following surgical enucleation, the adenoma was weighed (EPW) and its volume (EPV) also determined by fluid displacement. TRUS was repeated six weeks post‐operatively to calculate the TRUS‐estimated specimen volume (TESV).
The mean EPV, EPW, TRUS‐estimated TZV, TRUS‐estimated TPV and TESV were 79.1 ± 62.9 ml, 79.1 ± 62.9 g, 53.3 ± 28.5 ml, 93.1 ± 48.9 ml and 69.9 ± 44.6 ml, respectively. Pearson's correlation showed a perfect relationship between EPW and EPV with no difference in their mean values (r = 1.000; P < .001). Pearson's correlation between TRUS‐estimated TPV vs EPV, TRUS‐estimated TZV vs EPV, and between TESV vs EPV were 0.932, 0.865 and 0.930, respectively (P = .0000). TRUS significantly under‐estimated the TZV and TESV by 25.8 ml and 9.2 ml, respectively; unrelated to the severity of prostate enlargement.
TRUS underestimates prostate volume, independent of prostate size. We propose simple formulae that could be used to improve the prostate volume determination from TRUS, especially if magnetic resonance imaging is not readily available or contraindicated.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.