Penile lymphoedema (with and without cellulitis) is a rare, often chronic, clinically heterogeneous entity with an uncertain pathogenesis and an important differential diagnosis. It creates significant physical and psychosexual morbidity, and presents considerable therapeutic challenges. The existing literature is limited.
To describe and share our updated cumulative experience of...
Toll‐like receptors (TLRs) play critical roles in innate immune response by sensing pathogen‐ or damage‐associated molecular patterns. Epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts also produce proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines under stimulation with TLR ligands. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an essential factor in the pathogenesis of secondary amyloidosis, and also has immunomodulatory...
The incidence of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) has reduced as a result of the introduction of antiretroviral therapy. It is currently considered a rare disease in developed countries, and there has been a paucity of clinical papers on the subject in recent years in Europe.
To analyse the clinical features and evolution of the different clinical forms of KS in the past 30 years.
Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a refractory, nonbacterial impetigo confined to the palms and soles. Its pathogenesis is still obscure, but it may be associated with the large eccrine sweat glands and pores of palmoplantar skin. PPP is considered to be a localized pustular psoriasis. Interleukin (IL)‐8, IL‐36γ and IL‐36Ra play important roles in the pathogenesis of pustular psoriasis,...
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