Sonars can be used for detection of targets located on the sea floor where the signal undergoes multipath propagations which may arise large localization errors. Besides, underwater environment is often highly unstable so that a large number of snapshots which means long time sampling are not reliable. In sonar systems, the wideband chirp signals are usually used. This paper presents a nearfield target localization method for underwater environments. First, the time of arrival (TOA) and the direction of arrival (DOA) for nearfield wideband chirp signals are estimated with only a few snapshots by using the fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) and the SPICE algorithm. Then, the virtual station method which is proposed in our previous work is used so that the multipath problems can be converted into line-of-sight (LOS) problem and its Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) is also analyzed. Finally, simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.