The wideband linear frequency modulation (LFM) signals are widely used in information systems. The conventional direction-of arrival (DOA) estimation algorithms of LFM signals rely on a large number of snapshots, some of which are not reliable in numerous practical applications such as underwater array processing. To solve the above problem, we present a modified sparse iterative covariance (MSPICE)-based estimation method in fractional Fourier transform (FrFT) domain to estimate the DOA of wideband LFM signals. First, we extend the original SPICE algorithm in FrFT domain with a specific transform order for wideband LFM signals. Then, we utilize the energy centrobaric modification method to make the original SPICE more accurate without adding more computational complexity. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.