Link layer network coding (LLNC) promises to provide high throughput in relay networks through combining packets at the relays and trading communication for computation. The emerging area of physical layer network coding (PLNC) exploits the electromagnetic nature of signals and eliminates the need for addition at the packet level, while making signal design and coding schemes adaptable to the channel conditions. Although network coding has been extensively studied recently, physical layer network coding has not received the attention it deserves. Several recent works introduced the pollution attack at the network layer; however, the network performance at the physical layer with pollution attacks has not been evaluated before. The main challenge with the pollution attack involves propagation of the corrupted packets in an epidemic manner, which degrades performance of the network. As PLNC schemes boost up the network throughput, a thorough study evaluating this superiority to the LLNC scheme in presence of an intruder is necessary. The robustness of both schemes towards an attack have been studied in this article.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.