Based on phenotypic similarities between age-related macular degeneration and the autosomal disorder Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy, we report on a single nanolaser treatment of a patient with genotype Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy confirmation and evidence of disease progression over 12 months. The case study is the first report of short-term results of subthreshold nanolaser treatment in a patient with Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy.
A 43-year-old Caucasian man with moderate loss of visual acuity in his left eye (20/40) and normal visual acuity in his right eye (20/20), with clinical Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy diagnosis and genetic confirmation of the common heterozygous mutation (EFEMP1) by genetic testing, underwent nanopulse subthreshold laser treatment in his left eye.
A safety examination, carried out 7 days after treatment, and clinical follow-up, conducted 60 days following laser treatment, showed improvement of visual acuity from baseline by two letters and a subjective improvement of blurring. While no apparent morphological changes were found on fundoscopy, increased autofluorescence in the treated eye was observed on imaging. In addition, 2 months after nanopulse subthreshold laser treatment, rod-mediated and cone-mediated full-field electroretinography b-wave amplitudes showed an increase from baseline in both the treated eye (300%) and untreated eye (50%). At 2 months after nanopulse subthreshold laser treatment, multifocal electroretinograms showed improvement. Acuity and full-field electroretinography improvement persisted at 6-month follow-up.
Sustained improvements in retinal function on electroretinography persisted in both eyes 6 months after treatment, suggesting an enhancement of phototransduction and retinoid recycling induced by nanopulse subthreshold laser treatment. The functional improvement observed in the untreated eye is hypothesized to arise from an increased expression and release of metalloproteinases that circulate systemically.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.