Decentralized control of DC microgrid (dcµG) using hybrid renewable energy sources (RES) and battery energy storage system (BESS) which operate with and without grid-connected mode is proposed in this paper. In dcµG integrated with multiple RES and BESS, fluctuating output characteristics of the distributed generations (DGs) due to changing input conditions and the dynamic interactions of the source and load interface converters are main factors which cause stability problem of DC bus voltage. Thus, to solve this problem, the decentralized control scheme which uses bus voltage level as communication link in the control law is proposed in this paper. Accordingly, the control method realizes different operating modes based on the available generations and load demand. Maximum power and constant voltage controls schemes are applied in the DGs interfacing control to regulate the power and voltage variations due to changing input conditions. Furthermore, in the control strategy, the source and battery interfacing converters are controlled autonomously using the bus voltage level without any communication. This maintains the reliability and flexibility of the system. The proposed system model is developed with Matlab/Simulink SimPowerSystem and simulated with real-time simulation using OPAL-RT.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.