SU(1, 1) dynamical symmetry is of fundamental importance in analyzing unbounded quantum systems in theoretical and applied physics. In this paper, we study the control of generalized coherent states associated with quantum systems with SU(1, 1) dynamical symmetry. Based on a pseudo Riemannian metric on the SU(1, 1) group, we obtain necessary conditions for minimizing the field fluence of controls that steer the system to the desired final state. Further analyses show that the candidate optimal control solutions can be classified into normal and abnormal extremals. The abnormal extremals can only be constant functions when the control Hamiltonian is non-parabolic, while the normal extremals can be expressed by Weierstrass elliptic functions according to the parabolicity of the control Hamiltonian. As a special case, the optimal control solution that maximally squeezes a generalized coherent state is a sinusoidal field, which is consistent with what is used in the laboratory.
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