We determined the supplementation effects of dietary fucoidan on growth, immune responses, blood characteristics, and oxidative stress resistance of juvenile red sea bream. A fishmeal (FM)-based basal diet supplemented with 0% (D1, control), 0.05% (D2), 0.1% (D3), 0.2% (D4), 0.4% (D5), and 0.8% (D6) mozuku fucoidan to formulate six experimental diets. Each diet was randomly allocated to triplicate groups of fish (3.8 g) for 60 days. Results showed that fish-fed diet D5 showed significantly higher (P < 0.05) growth performance compared to the control (D1). Diet groups D2 to D4 also showed intermediate values compared to D1. Feed conversion efficiency and protein efficiency ratio were significantly higher in diet group D5, which was not significantly different with D3. Fucoidan supplementation increased whole-body lipid, which was significantly higher in the D5 group. Condition factor (CF) was significantly higher in fish fed ≥ 0.2% fucoidan-supplemented diet groups. Diet group D5 and D4 showed significantly lower blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level, respectively. Dietary fucoidan reduced the oxidative stress of fish. Among the measured nonspecific immune parameters, only peroxidase activity (PA) and total serum protein (TSP) were significantly influenced by dietary supplementation and it was higher in D4 group. Fucoidan supplementation reduces thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) values numerically and it was lowest in fish-fed diet group D5. Under the present experimental condition, finally, we concluded that 0.3–0.4% dietary fucoidan supplementation enhanced the growth and health performance of red sea bream by increasing growth, immune response, blood characteristics, and oxidative stress resistance.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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