In this paper, we obtain a gauge invariant effective action for a bulk massless U(1) gauge vector field on a brane with codimension two by using a general Kaluza-Klein (KK) decomposition for the field. It suggests that there exist two types of scalar KK modes to keep the gauge invariance of the action for the massive vector KK modes. Both the vector and scalar KK modes can be massive. The masses of the vector KK modes m(n) contain two parts, m1(n) and m2(n) , due to the existence of the two extra dimensions. The masses of the two types of scalar KK modes mϕ(n) and mφ(n) are related to the vector ones, i.e., mϕ(n) = m1(n) and mφ(n) = m2(n) . Moreover, we derive two Schrödinger-like equations for the vector KK modes, for which the effective potentials are just the functions of the warp factor.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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