In external beam radiation therapy, it is important to calculate the output of the linear accelerator. The head scatter factor, Sh, is one of the important factors for calculation of Monitor Unit, which changes with the size of the irradiation field. In irregular fields shaped by multileaf collimators (MLCs), it is difficult to calculate Sh precisely. Sh comprises backscatter from the upper and lower secondary collimators and scatter from the flattening filter. We measured the effect of backscatter on a monitor chamber (Sb), and we modeled the scatter from a flattening filter using a Gaussian distribution. The modeled parameters used in this method are derived from measurements of square field sizes on the central axis. Furthermore, we divided an MLC irregular field in the shape of fans and integrated the scatter from a flattening filter by a method similar to Clarkson’s sector integration. We were able to calculate Sh with <1 % error in comparison with measurements, even with a field setting with an error of >3 % by the conventional method. This method requires no special measuring tools or software.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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