This single center prospective cohort study evaluated the influence of hemihepatectomy on glucose homeostasis.
The study included 30 patients undergoing hemihepatectomy. All patients underwent an oral 75 g glucose tolerance test before (baseline), 1 week and 1 month after the surgery. Plasma glucose, insulin and glucagon were measured in the OGTT samples, and the HOMA index was calculated. The fasting levels of interleukin 6 and 1β, tumor necrosis factor and adiponectin were assessed.
The fasting plasma and 120-min post-challenge mean glucose level increased during the study from 89.6 to 103.5 mg/dl (by 15.5 %) and from 136.4 to 162.2 (by 18.9 %; p = 0.51), respectively, accompanied by an increase in fasting glucagon (from 3.2 to 5.9 ng/mL; p = 0.043) and insulin (from 14.6 to 19.3 IU/mL) and by a decrease in plasma insulin at 60 min of OGTT (p = 0.34). An increase of IL-6 (p = 0.015) and TNF (from 49.7 to 53 pg/mL), and decrease of plasma APO (7658 to 5152 ng/mL) and exacerbation of insulin resistance (p = 0.007) were noted.
Hemihepatectomy resulted in moderate disturbances in glucose homeostasis, in a majority of patients that was likely to be of minor clinical relevance. However, the patients might be at higher risk of developing overt diabetes following long-term survival.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.