The aim of the study was to define the changes in emotional states after single session of exercise in pregnant women and to establish their personality determinants. There were 38 pregnant women aged 20-35 participating in special exercise program included in the research. Standard psychological questionnaires (STAI, POMS , NEO - -FFI ) were used. Emotional states were measured immediately before the physical effort and after the exercise. Research data revealed that one-time physical exercise resulted in improvement of all measured emotional states, especially in decline of state-anxiety and tension. Personality traits can predict the size of emotional states changes; trait-anxiety is their the most powerful determinant. Physical exercise may be an effective mean of improving psychological well-being in pregnant women.
Artal, M., O’Toole, M. (2003). Guidelines of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. British Journal of Sport Medicine, 37, 6-12.
Brown, W. J. et al. (2000). Leisure time physical activity in Australian women: relationship with well being and symptoms. Research Quarterly in Exercise and Sport, 71, 206-216.
Camacho, T. C. et al. (1991). Physical activity and depression: evidence from Alameda County Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 134, 220-231.
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