Though Herodotus often stresses his reluctance to talk about 'divine matters', religion is an important topic of his History. The present article concentrates on the methods the historian applied in his investigation of non-Greek cults and on his views of the origin of Greek religion.
The text of the Bacchides and of other Plautine comedies allows us to reach some conclusions about the spectators, their ability to read and write, their knowledge of geography, their familiarity with the Greek language and with writers from Homer to Ennius. Even metaphors and jokes used by Plautus throw some light on his contemporaries' worldview and tastes.
In his discussion of parasites in book VI of the Deipnosophistae, Athenaeus quotes many passages from comedy in which parasites introduce themselves and reflect on their life and condition. These passages are here translated into Polish and discussed.
An overview of life and poetry of Quintus Horatius Flaccus, commonly known as Horace, is presented. After describing his educational years in Rome and Athens as well as clerical duties in Rome, the author focuses on Horace's poetical endeavors, which were so much supported by his protector and friend Gaius Cilnius Maecenas. Particular attention is paid to Horace's 'Carmina' and 'Epistulae'.
A Latin inscription in St. Mary's church in Katowice commemorates its first parson, Father Wiktor Schmidt (1841-1917). Father Schmidt did much to promote the Catholic faith in Upper Silesia. Simultaneously, as a politician, he actively opposed Polish national aspirations. Latin was probably chosen as the language of the inscription because it seemed acceptable for both Polish and German members of...
Two more Maciejewska's Latin stanzas 'Fabula marina II', published here, are added to the Polish sea shanty 'Morskie Opowiesci' (Sea tales), sung to the melody of 'What shall we do with a drunken sailor?'
This article attempts to explain why Augustus and his successors from the Julio-Claudian dynasty used Batavians as their bodyguards. The author quotes the mentions of Batavian soldiers and Batavians in general in the works of ancient writers, showing the image of that German tribe in the eyes of the Roman public.
A team of Polish Classical scholars has written a comprehensive survey, in two volumes, from Homer to the VI century AD, entitled 'Literatura Grecji starozytnej' (The Literature of Ancient Greece) . The work was edited by Henryk Podbielski, fellow of the Catholic University of Lublin. The present text is a review of the first part of vol. I, devoted to epic poetry.
Henryk Struve's article published in the weekly 'Klosy' is devoted to the disdain and ignorance of the Latin language and classical culture shown by the author's contemporaries. This article is reprinted here with some remarks on the ignorance of Latin in our time.
A critical essay on Margaret Atwood's 'The Penelopiad.The Myth of Penelope and Odysseus'. An attempt made by Atwood to reread the myth of Penelope might be easily disregarded as a trivial postmodernist pastiche bearing too much resemblance to school assignments. Yet it is argued here that the novel deserves more serious consideration as belonging to the genre of 'historicizing writings' instead of...
In his 'Natural History' Pliny the Elder aims at presenting various philosophers' views on science and at showing his readers the force of nature. He not only follows the Stoics in regarding god and nature as identical, but also makes use of their notions of sympathy and antipathy that are for him the most important laws of nature. In his system, sympathy and antipathy have the same function as laws...
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