The author puts forward the hypothesis that the 'scapegoat' ritual had been introduced to Greece under the influence of the Phoenicians. That opinion is based on five arguments: 1. the etymology of the term suba/xos (connected with Hebr. zebah and Phoen. zbh 'sacrifice'); 2. the great role of the number seven at the 'scapegoat' ritual in Greece and at the Semitic rituals (including the scapegoat rituals...
Sophie (Zofia) Trenkner's research was an important contribution to our knowledge of Greek prose style. This biographical note shows her participation in Poland's fight for independence during World War II and her scholarly career at Cambridge and Oxford.
It is often claimed that Polish grammarians used to base their systems on the works of their Roman predecessors, disregarding the fundamental differences between Latin and Polish. This article investigates the question whether the older efforts to systematize the Polish conjugations were influenced by Latin grammar.
The article discusses the four editions of Pomponius Laetus' work 'De Romanorum magistratibus, sacerdotiis, iurisperitis et legibus', printed in Cracow in the early 16th century. The edition of 1543 contained commentary by the lawyer Stanislław Aichler (Glandinus) of Cracow.
Our knowledge about early festivals and temples, together with the mythological evidence, leads us to the conclusion that Hera, Demeter, Dionysus and Apollo were the most important deities for the inhabitants of Argos and the Argolid.
The Foundation 'Traditio Europae', created in Torun by Professor Marian Szarmach, aims at supporting research on European culture and especially on its ancient origins, and promoting interest in these matters. Among many projects of the Foundation, one should mention a classical culture competition for high schools and junior colleges, and an internet site giving access to articles on antiquity by...
A journey to Greece, made in 1938 by two eminent Polish Hellenists, Zofia Abramowiczówna and Stefan Srebrny, is reconstructed with the help of their diaries and photographs. Memories of Abramowiczówna's Greek travels are visible in some of her poems, which are quoted here.
In his study on Theocritus' Syracusan Women, in the volume 'Rem acu tangere', recently published in Gdansk, Jan Kwapisz shows some dangers resulting from thoughtless application of the theory of intertextuality to Hellenistic poetry and points out that often better results are achieved if the text is interpreted in a simple and natural way. His conclusions seem close to those of Valentine Cunningham,...
The late Professor Anna Swiderkówna, a papyrologist of world renown, was also active in many other fields, such as the culture and religion of the Hellenistic world and Biblical studies. Her series of books on the Bible gained immense popularity in Poland.
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