The integration of the classical Web (of documents) with the emerging Web of Data is a challenging vision. In this paper we focus on an integration approach during searching which aims at enriching the responses of non-semantic search systems (e.g. professional search systems, web search engines) with semantic information, i.e. Linked Open Data (LOD), and exploiting the outcome for providing an overview of the search space and allowing the users (apart from restricting it) to explore the related LOD. We use named entities (e.g. persons, locations, etc.) as the "glue" for automatically connecting search hits with LOD. We consider a scenario where this entity-based integration is performed at query time with no human effort, and no a-priori indexing, which is beneficial in terms of configurability and freshness. To realize this scenario one has to tackle various challenges. One spiny issue is that the number of identified entities can be high, the same is true for the semantic information about these entities that can be fetched from the available LOD (i.e. their properties and associations with other entities). To this end, in this paper we propose a Link Analysis-based method which is used for (a) ranking (and thus selecting to show) the more important semantic information related to the search results, (b) deriving and showing top-K semantic graphs. In the sequel, we report the results of a survey regarding the marine domain with promising results, and comparative results that illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed (Page Rank-based) ranking scheme. Finally, we report experimental results regarding efficiency showing that the proposed functionality can be offered even at query time.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.