Starting from the classical dynamic model of interior permanent magnet synchronous machines (IPMSMs) expressed in the stationary reference frame, this paper presents a mathematical model reconstruction process for IPMSMs, from which an extended flux-based IPMSM model is derived. Compared with the commonly used extended electromotive force-based model, the extended flux-based model has notable advantages of simpler model structure and less sensitive to machine parameter and speed variations. An extended flux model-based position estimator is then proposed for sensorless control of an IPMSM by utilizing a sliding-mode observer with a dynamic position compensator. The latter improves the dynamic performance and low-speed operating capability of the sensorless controller. Both simulation and experimental results are provided to validate the proposed position estimator and sensorless IPMSM drive system.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.