The current stage of railway transportation systems must deal with increased safety and reliability issues. A key point is improving occupancy track circuit performance and providing them with redundancy, higher noise immunity, and the capability to acquire additional information about the track section involved. This work proposes a novel track circuit based on the encoding of the electrical transmissions with Kasami codes. Track circuit emitters send signals coded with a known sequence that can be identified by the corresponding receivers using correlation techniques; these processes increase immunity to noise and changes in environmental conditions. An appropriate selection of orthogonal sequences for encoding, as well as different carrier frequencies for transmissions, allow simultaneous emissions and receptions without cross interference.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.