Physical-layer network coding is a high-throughput technique for communicating over the two-way relay channel, which consists of two terminals that communicate exclusively via an intermediate relay. An exchange of messages begins with both terminals transmitting binary data sequences simultaneously to the relay. The relay determines the modulo-2 sum of the sequences, which it modulates and broadcasts to the terminals. Since each terminal knows the information it transmitted, it can determine the information transmitted by the other terminal by subtracting its own information from the broadcast signal. Prior work on the topic of physical-layer network coding has assumed that the signals transmitted by the two terminals arrive at the relay with perfectly aligned phases, permitting coherent reception. In this paper, we relax the assumption of aligned phases and consider noncoherent reception of binary continuous-phase frequency-shift keying signals. A derivation of the relay receiver is given for varying amounts of channel state information, and results are provided showing the error performance of the proposed system without an outer error-correcting code and with an outer turbo code.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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