The epigraph to the authoress' paper could be a classical semiotic definition of an illusion and a secret - the illusion is something perceived as existing though it does not exist in actual reality, while the secret is something that does not seem real, but nevertheless it does exist. It was Erich Fromm who proposed a dilemma (peculiar in the twentieth century) between to be/exist and to have and the minimalization of thinking between to be/exist and to seem was obvious. The periphery, seen from the abounding centre, always seems to be a rather empty identifying object. It is sort of the other side of mental base and spiritual polysemy. An illusion, in reality, turns into a secret, a peculiar axiological abundance, if one is aware of the coded conditions of the enciphered message. A huge amount of phenomena, which vanished in the centre of the country, can be observed on the periphery both two to three hundred years ago and in modern times. Patterning the peripheral singularity one can focus on three obvious manifestations of the Lithuanian periphery: (1) Lithuania Minor (it is a periphery, having had its own historical time; now a nationally dead area, nearly the entire territory of which consisted of originally Baltic lands, Eastern Prussia since the seventeenth century, currently Kaliningrad Oblast and the region of Klaipeda); (2) the western fringe area of Zemaitija/Samogitia bordering on Latvia (it is a periphery having its own geographical nomination); and (3) Dzukija (characterized by its very peculiar mentality, attested in songs, customs, conduct and beliefs). The three peripheries share analogous features: archaic forms of spirituality, characteristic value conventions amid peculiar faith structures..
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.