This paper examines effects of three dams on flow characteristics of Insiza River on which they are located. The storage capacities of these dams varies from an equivalent of 48–456% of the mean annual runoff. Mean annual runoff and annual maximum flood flows have not been modified by the presence of these dams. The average number of days per year without runoff had decreased downstream of two dams. A comparison was made of flow duration curves at sites upstream and downstream of the selected dams. Significant differences were detected between the flow duration curves of upstream and downstream sites. Exceedance frequencies of low flows had decreased downstream of two dams, while these had increased downstream of the other dam. The study recommends development of operating rules for these dams that will ensure that changes detected in low flows do not adversely affect instream flow requirements.
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