Thousands of abandoned wellbores may lie within the aerial extent of a CO2 storage operation. These wellbores represent a potential leakage pathway and a leaky wellbore needs to be re-completed or otherwise repaired to restore seal integrity and ensure containment of the stored CO2. Due to the high cost of recompleting a well, a sufficient economic incentive exists if a viable seal repair technology is available. In this paper, we examine the use of epoxy nanocomposites as potential seal repair materials that have excellent bond characteristics with both steel and cement when cured in the subsurface environment. Test results show Novolac epoxy nanocomposites incorporating nanosilica, nanoclay or nanoalumina to have acceptable flowability that enable injection in wellbore cracks and significantly higher bond strength compared with standard microfine cement.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.