Differentiating 1-bp differences using real-time PCR often leads to false-positive results. Therefore, we developed a fluorescence melting curve analysis (FMCA) method with a short target probe and helper probe labeled with a fluorophore and quencher, respectively. This fluorophore and quencher were designed to be near each other when the probes were hybridized to template DNA. The target probe was designed with a shorter length to facilitate a dramatic shift in melting temperature (Tm) upon encountering mismatched hybridization. In FMCA, when the temperature approached the target probe Tm, the target probe would begin to denature from the template DNA, and at the target probe Tm, the fluorescence signal increased markedly. Here, we examined 1-bp differences using the developed method with mitochondrial DNA from Larimichthys polyactis and Larimichthys crocea. Application of this method permitted specific genotype identification for all cases with no cross-reactivity, even when both templates were added to the same tube.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.