The effects of transient bilateral carotid occlusion on the physical state of synaptosomal membrane proteins and lipids were studied in adult and aged gerbils employing electron paramagnetic resonance. Transient ischemia was produced in adult and aged gerbils by bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries with reperfusion times ranging from 0 to 24 h. Synaptosomes of the cerebral cortices were isolated and labeled with a protein-specific spin probe (2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-maleimido-piperidine-1-oxyl) and a lipid-specific spin probe (5-doxylstearic acid). Changes in the physical state of the protein peaked at 60 min reperfusion for both adult and aged gerbil models, with a more intense change in aged, but did not return to control values by 24 h. A biphasic change occurred with the lipid-specific label in both the aged and adult models. The onset of the first phase of change occurred at an earlier time (30 min reperfusion) for aged gerbil tissue than for adult tissue (between 3 and 6 h reperfusion), while the second phase of change occurred at 12 h reperfusion for both adult and aged.These results are consistent with the hypothesis that protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation are direct results of free radicals produced during the reperfusion following ischemia and that protein oxidation may be intensified by peroxidation of the surrounding lipids. Phospholipase A 2 activation is implicated to cause changes in membrane phospholipid organization as seen in these studies.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.