Thalassaemias are the commonest single gene disorders in the world. They result from reduced synthesis of α or β-globin genes and can result in an asymptomatic carrier status, mild anaemia or severe anaemia which may result in intrauterine death or necessitate lifelong transfusion to sustain life. β-thalassaemia major is the most common of the most severe phenotypes. There has been significant improvement...
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