Allergic diseases can expand at any age as a result of complicated interaction of environmental and genetic factors. Through the years, studies have found that allergic diseases are primarily described by elevated Th2 pathway activation, leading to increased serum IgE levels, allergen reactivity, blood eosinophil counts and secreted interleukins.A total of 20 patients with allergy and 20 matched controls participants were recruited for the study. A study was designed with the framework of an ongoing project at the Regional Children's Hospital in Olsztyn on the analysis of the immune profile of children with allergy and asthma. Diagnosis was conducted by medical specialists. Whole blood samples were collected and serum IL’s and chemokin levels were made using ELISA kits.Results demonstrated that in comparison to the controls, the individuals with allergy showed significantly higher concentration of IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-13 and TNF-α. We also demonstrated significant correlations between the levels of cytokines which implies the presence of an interactive network between them. The results of ROC analysis indicated the 3-factors (IL-1β, IL-4, IL-8) could be additional, helpful biomarkers in better diagnosis of allergy.In this study, serum levels of cytokine differed among children with allergy. However, the findings of this support the possibility of using an appropriate selection of serum cytokine for the diagnosis allergy and emphasize the need to standardize quantitative methods for serum analysis.
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