A novel pretreatment process of corn stover was established in this study by in situ modification of lignin with poly (ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether (PEGDE) during low temperature alkali pretreatment. The addition of PEGDE obviously improved the enzymatic hydrolysis by covalently modifying the residual lignins in substrates. Under the optimized conditions (pretreated with 10% (w/w) NaOH and 10% (w/w) PEGDE at 70oC for 2.5h), the total fermentable sugar yield was increased by 46.4%, from 23.7g to 34.7g per 100g raw materials. Additionally, the remaining activities of exo-glucanase and β-glucosidase in supernatant were increased by 58.6% and 40.6% respectively, demonstrating that the enhancement of enzymatic hydrolysis was mainly due to the alleviation of enzyme non-productive binding. Although the isolated lignin modified with PEGDE enhanced the enzymatic hydrolysis of substrates as well, this in situ lignin modification provided an efficient but simple way to improve enzymatic saccharification.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.