Complexes [Cr(3-CH3-pic)2(H2O)2]NO3·H2O (1), [Cr(5-Br-pic)2(H2O)2]NO3·H2O (2) and [Cr(5-CF3-pic)2(H2O)2]NO3·H2O (3) were synthesized (pic = pyridine-2-carboxylic acid) and characterized by X-ray crystal diffraction. Crystal structure indicates that two bidentate ligands occupy equatorial position and two H2O occupy axial positions in trans-configuration. (i) Decomposition of complexes 1, 2 and 3 in different medium (phosphate buffered saline (PBS), apo-ovotransferrin (apootf) and EDTA) indicates that decomposition rate constants of these complexes follow the sequence of 1 < 2 < 3. (ii) The redox potential of Cr(III)/Cr(II) by cyclic voltammetry follows the sequence of 1 (−1.20 V) > 3 (−1.29 V) > 2 (−1.31 V). (iii) In addition, ·OH-generation of the new synthesized complexes was determined by Fenton-like reaction in comparison with Cr(pic)3, and it may be related to the reduction potential of the complexes. (iv) Moreover, Hammett substituent constants σp (inductive) and σm (resonance) (R = 3-CH3, 5-Br, 5-CF3) were introduced to evaluate the impact of substituent groups on the bond length and decomposition kinetics. The substituent group on the ligand has great effect on the properties of the complexes.
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