The infant patient presents a challenge to the optometrist who must structure an examination within the infant's limited capabilities and then manage a rapidly developing visual system. The present paper provides an overview of infant visual development and the visually guided behaviours expected during normal development. Techniques for assessing vision in infant are reviewed and a recommendation is given for the optometric examination of infants. Some important urgencies, emergencies and causes of visual impairment are highlighted.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.