RPC timing properties are mainly determined by the maximum ionization rate that can be sustained while keeping the streamer fraction at modest values. The last characteristic, resilience to streamers, cannot be fully calculated, calling for an experimental approach. In this work we systematically study the influence of a range of gas mixtures on the performance (background counting rate, efficiency, time resolution and charge spectrum) of timing RPCs, using cosmic rays as ionizing particles.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.