Qualitative research with 16 participants addressed the acculturation experiences of Māori and Pākehā New Zealanders in Japan. Thematic analyses of interviews revealed three themes including Te tūranga a ngā manuhiri: tauiwi (foreigner) as a liveable subject position, Ngā painga atu o tāwāhi: positive/neutral representations of Māori outside of New Zealand, and Kia mau hei tiki: shared benefits of symbolic representation for Māori (indigenous people) and Pākehā (European settlers). Those participants with the most positive intercultural engagement experiences did not try to identify with the host culture, but were able to relate to the host culture. Māori actively utilised indigenous frameworks (such as manuhiri/tauiwi – guest/foreigner) to successfully adapt as out-group members. Secondly, Māori were also relieved from negative stereotyping experienced within New Zealand. Finally, Māori cultural activities (kapa haka performances) and symbols acted as a protective factor for both Māori and Pākehā abroad at both the individual and group levels.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.