Reducing ischemic damage is one of the goals of surgery. The aim of this study was to apply human VEGF-A and FGF-2 DNA-mediated gene therapy in order to identify their effects in the healing of ischemic colon anastomoses and eliminating the negative effects of ischemia.Forty male Wistar albino rats weighing 250–280 g were divided into five equal groups (n = 8) as follows: group 1: control, ischemic left colonic anastomosis; group; 2: ischemic left colonic anastomosis with control plasmid delivery; group 3: ischemic left colonic anastomosis with VEGF plasmid delivery; group 4: ischemic left colonic anastomosis with FGF plasmid delivery; group 5: ischemic left colonic anastomosis with VEGF and FGF plasmid delivery. All rats were sacrificed on the 4th postoperative day. Anastomosis burst pressures were measured for mechanical examination of anastomosis. Tissue hydroxyprolin, VEGF and FGF levels were determined as biochemical parameters. Necrosis, epithelisation, inflammatory processes, fibroblastic activity, collagen deposition and neovascularisation at the anastomic site were studied.VEGF, FGF and combined therapy significantly accelerated many of the histological parameters of healing, including fibroblast activation, collagen deposition, and angiogenesis, and augmented the levels of hydroxyproline and bursting pressure.This is the first study to use gene therapy with growth factors for the healing of ischemic colonic anastomosis. This therapy can be effectively used in increasing ischemic anastomosis wound healing.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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