This study describes the changes in biochemical composition of follicular fluid during reproductive acyclicity in buffalo. A total of 73 pairs of ovaries collected from 26 reproductively acyclic and 47 reproductively cyclic buffaloes were used in the investigation. Ovarian follicles were classified into small (5.0–6.9mm), medium (7.0–9.9mm) and large (≥10.0mm) sized categories depending upon their diameter. Follicular fluid was aspirated, processed and assayed for glucose, cholesterol, total protein, acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase. Glucose concentration was lesser in reproductively acyclic compared to cyclic buffaloes (19.3±2.59mg/dl compared to 32.6±2.60mg/dl; P<0.05), mainly due to difference in concentration between small sized follicles (12.4±2.59mg/dl compared to 28.0±3.32mg/dl; P<0.05). Cholesterol concentration was also lesser in reproductively acyclic compared to cyclic buffaloes (32.2±2.14mg/dl compared to 35.5±2.16mg/dl; P<0.05) and this was related to the lesser concentration found in large follicles (13.8±3.45mg/dl compared to 37.2±4.10mg/dl; P<0.001). Total protein and acid phosphatase levels were not affected by either the reproductive cyclicity status or the follicular size (4.9±1.07g/dl to 6.0±0.28g/dl and 1.2±0.17U/dl to 2.5±1.22U/dl, respectively). An increased alkaline phosphatase activity was, however, observed in reproductively acyclic compared to cyclic buffaloes (27.5±3.08U/dl compared to 14.0±1.09U/dl; P<0.0001). In conclusion, results of the present study indicate an alteration in the biochemical composition of follicular fluid during reproductive acyclicity in buffalo. The findings provide further support to the notion that poor nutrition is an important factor triggering reproductive acyclicity in buffalo.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.