We show lower bounds on the number of sample points and on the number of coin tosses used by general sampling algorithms for estimating the average value of functions over a large domain. The bounds depend on the desired precision and on the error probability of the estimate.Our lower bounds match upper bounds established by known algorithms, up to a multiplicative constant. Furthermore, we give a non-constructive proof of existence of an algorithm that improves the known upper bounds by a constant factor.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.