In order to create a moist environment for rapid wound healing, a hydrogel sheet composed of a blended powder of alginate, chitin/chitosan and fucoidan (ACF-HS; 60:20:2:4 w/w) has been developed as a functional wound dressing. ACF-HS gradually absorbed DMEM without any maceration, and fluid absorption became constant within 18h. On application, ACF-HS was expected to effectively interact with and protect the wound in rats, providing a good moist healing environment with exudates. In addition, the wound dressing has properties such as ease of application and removal and good adherence. Full-thickness skin defects were made on the backs of rats and mitomycin C solution (1mg/ml in saline) was applied onto the wound for 10min in order to prepare healing-impaired wounds. After thoroughly washing out the mitomycin C, ACF-HS was applied to the healing-impaired wounds. Although normal rat wound repair was not stimulated by the application of ACF-HS, healing-impaired wound repair was significantly stimulated. Histological examination demonstrated significantly advanced granulation tissue and capillary formation in the healing-impaired wounds treated with ACF-HS on day 7, as compared to those treated with calcium alginate fiber (Kaltostat ® ; Convatec Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) and those left untreated.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.