The paper is an attempt to present the level of education of the popoulation of Poland during the period between the World War I and II, based on reading and writing skills in religious communities living in Poland, as reflected in the results of the 1931 Census. The paper is an introduction to a more in-depth discussion concerning the ethnic and linguistic structure of the population of Poland 70 years ago. It describes four categories of people: literate (able to read and write), semi-literate (able to read but not to write), illiterate (unable to read and write) and those whose reading and writing skills are unknown. Since the ability to write plays the decisive role in the research on illiteracy, the least attention is devoted in this paper to people belonging to the category of people with reading skills only.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.