The paper deals with the method of the substitution by homophones, that is extensively used in Chinese onomastic fields, like toponymy or anthroponymy. The method of the substitution by homophones is mainly aimed at reshaping already existing names by replacing their previous form, for some reasons unwanted. however, it is also broadly applied to create new names by using words which are homophonic with the words denoting the idea they symbolize. The paper presents some various reasons and aims of the use of the method in the field of Chinese geographical names (place names, toponyms), and these are: personal name taboo, unwanted place names, simplification of the Chinese writing system, adaptation of foreign geographical names. The paper also analyses the use of the method in the field of Chinese personal names (anthroponyms), and these are: creation of so-called good Chinese names, dealing with some troublesome Chinese surnames, creating of Chinese female counter-commendatory names and Chinese given names as equivalents of foreign given names.
Wang Wenzhou 王文周, “Diming zhuanyongzi de xiangsi tongyinzi daiti 地名专用字的相似同音字代替 (Substitution by homophones of the characters/words for the special toponymic use)”. Xinyang Shifan Xueyuan Xuebao信阳师范学院学报 (Scientific Bulletin of Xinyang Teachers’ College), no.3, 1984, p.110.
Liu Jianbin 刘建斌, “Beijing yixie jiexiang mingcheng de xieyin zhuanyi bianhua 北京一些街巷名称的谐音转义变化 (Change of meaning by substitution by homophones in street names in Beijing)”. Diming zhishi 地名知识 (Toponymic Knowledge), no.5, 1982, p. 25.
Qin Ying 秦樱, “Lüelun Mingdai diming de geng, ming ming 略论明代的更,命名 (Outline of names renamed or established during Ming Dynasty)”. Diming zhishi 地名知识 (Toponymic Knowledge), no. 1, 1980, p. 3.
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