The main question of the article is why, until very recently, there has been a relative lack of interest in the modern history of Romanis/Gypsies among the historians and the Romani people themselves. According to the author, this situation is conditioned by three groups of factors: the economic and educational situation of Romani communities, certain characteristic features of the traditional Romani culture, and the attitudes of societies among which Romanis live. Studying the last group of factors the author has employed the perspective of postcolonial theory and approached the history of the Roma as 'erased' and 'muted' in the process of 'differential deprivation of history', to subsequently outline the social and cultural mechanisms of that process. In the following sections, the author has commented on the complicated relation between history as written recently by Romanis themselves and national mythology as well as on the lack of the social frames of memory of the annihilation of Romanis during World War II.
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