Introduction: About one-third of colorectal cancer surgery are performed as emergency surgery.
Aim: In this retrospective study we aimed to compare emergency surgery with patients those performed elective colorectal cancer surgery.
Material and methods: One hundred and sixty patients data those performed colorectal cancer surgery were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two group; emergency surgery group (n = 29) and elective surgery group (n = 131). Demographics and clinicopathological features of the groups were compared.
Results: There were no significant difference between groups in terms of age,blood transfusion requirement, additional surgical intervetion. Emergency surgery was performed more frequently in male patients. Emergency surgery has higher complication rates but no significant difference were observed in length of hospital stay. Total harvested lymph node number were similar between groups but in emergency surgery group metastatic lymph node number was significantly higher.
Conclusions: Emergency colorectal resections for colorectal cancers can be performed with regarding the oncological principles.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.