Haemostatic materials such as: gelatine sponges, oxygenated cellulose meshes, tissue sealants, collagen matrices with human thrombin and fibrinogen are gaining on popularity in gastrointestinal surgery, especially in colorectal surgery. We searched for available scientific publications in the Pubmed and Cochrane database on the use of individual hemostatic materials in the field of gastrointestinal surgery. The analysis focused on the assessment of the safety of the use of individual materials in terms of the rate of bleeding complications and the rate of anastomotic leakage cases. The use of haemostatic materials has for years been a recognized method of reducing the rate of intra- and postoperative complications, both in gastrointestinal surgery and in other surgical specialties. Based on the available studies, it can be concluded that the use of hemostatic materials such as matrices, sponges and adhesives in gastrointestinal surgery, even in patients at high risk of anastomotic leakage and bleeding complications, reduces the incidence of complications. The growing popularity of haemostatics and sealants in surgery means that they are currently used in a wide range of indications, and surgeons are more and more willing to use them even in case of standard surgical procedures, which is reflected in the available studies. Choosing a haemostat should be a conscious decision, taking into account the site and type of bleeding, mechanism of action, ease of use, efficacy, safety, and price, among others.
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