After Siberia was conquered by Russia, a lot of new local communities were created to the east of Ural. Their unique culture was a product of Russian newcomers’ culture and the culture of indigenous inhabitants of the area they settled in. These communities are called Russian Old Settlers (Starozhily) of Siberia. This article is focused on one of such groups living in north-eastern part of Yakutia, called Kolymchane (nowadays also Pokhodchane). This article is a result of fieldwork conducted by me in Yakutia in 2002–2007. I trace the changes introduced to the image of Pokhodchane (from the settlement of Pokhodsk) in the last century. It clearly shows what parts of this image are constituted by tribal and colonial traditions of this group. It seems like the efforts made by the representatives of starozhily in Siberia are directed to emphasize Russian tradition, especially Cossack roots, simultaneously to diminish the influence of indigenous peoples.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.