Lavender Lavandula angustifolia Miller (formerly used synonym of L. officinalis Chaix or L. vera), commonly known as medical lavender is a species of greatest industrial importance. Lavender cultivated to be the most frequently due of the essential oil and the unique biological activity [1–4]. It is clear from the literature on the subject that lavender is characterized by its antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant, immunostimulating, and spasmolytic activity [5–18]. It is also claimed that it can be effective in preventing many illnesses. It is proved that lavender essential oil can be an effective drug in the treatment of many neurological disorders [13–18]. The research conducted on animals and humans exhibit activity this plant such as anxiolytic, sedative, sleep-inducing, analgesic, antitumor, anticonvulsant, and mood improving [13–26]. This paper presents an overview of the literature from recent years on the lavender [1–93]. The general characteristics of the plant and the main classes of biologically active substances are discussed. Drew attention to the need for standardization of plant and variety, identification of plant material for use in the following industries: pharmaceutical, chemical, cosmetic and food. It was found that there are few studies comparing the activity of different varieties of lavender. There is also little information about the chemical composition of different parts of the plant. There are current studies conducted towards natural synergies. This plant collects various types of biologically active substances that have therapeutic potential, but the lack of relevant information concerning dosage formulations lavender. Medical lavender (L. angustifolia Miller) has a great potential for future applications.
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