An account of the Anthicidae (ant-like flower beetles) of New Caledonia is presented for the first time. Seventeen species are confirmed for this archipelago, including five new to science: Sapintus (s. str.) monochromussp. nov., Trichananca cheesmanaesp. nov., T. novacaledonicasp. nov., Macratria lipsbergisp. nov. and M. manfredjaechisp. nov. One new combination is made, Sapintus wiesneri (Uhmann, 1993) comb. nov. At least one anthicid species appears to have been introduced by human activities. As a result of the present study, confirmed endemism rate in New Caledonian Anthicidae is about 71%.
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