The present paper examines discrepancies between perceived and ideal aspects of agentic (masculine) and communal (feminine) personality traits, which are the central parts of gender schema. In accordance with self-discrepancy theory the authors hypothesized that these discrepancies would add an important variance to well-being. 260 Slovene high school students and undergraduates completed measures of perceived and ideal agentic and communal personality traits and different indicators of well-being. The results only partly support self-discrepancy theory: after controlling for perceived and ideal aspects of agency and communion, which accounted for up to 40% of variance, only discrepancy in agency accounts for a significant (4%) portion of variance, and that only in negative indicators of well-being in males. The usefulness of the calculated self-discrepancy approach is discussed through the lens of cognitive models of self.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.