The research study deals with the occurrence and characteristics of counterfactual thinking (CT) in a sample of 456 nurses, and relationships between this type of thinking and personality - of its characteristics, those studied were anxiety, self-esteem, rumination, reflection, curiosity, aggressiveness and depressiveness. Results showed a higher CT occurrence and higher rumination and reflection level related to higher anxiety, the relation between CT frequency and level of self-esteem was not significant. CT as a help to possible future problem solving (representing the adaptive function of CT) is mentioned by up to 77.26% of nurses. This contribution (help) is related to a higher level of curiosity and reflection and a lower level of anxiety.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.