UNIQUE FINDS OF ORNAMENTS OF HORSE BRIDLE FROM THE SOUTH-EAST PART OF LUBLIN REGION (Einmalige Funde der Kopfgestellverzierung aus dem sudostlichen Lublin-Land) (Unikatowe znaleziska ozdób oglowia konskiego z poludniowo-wschodniej Lubelszczyzny)
Until quite lately, in Lublin region, decorated elements of horse harness have been represented by only just one find of a bronze, so called separator of bridle straps, coming from Przewodów. Recently in this area there have been revealed some new artefacts, in the form of a set consisting of plates and fittings of leather straps as well from Sniatycze locality and two separators of bridle straps in the shape of predatory bird's head from the vicinity of Swaryczów. Adornments of a bridle discovered in Sniatycze have quite numerous analogies in assemblages dated to the Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age on large European areas. A good circumstance to define a provenience of these objects an analysis of alloying elements of bronze, containing 3% of phosphor admixture, can provide. A higher amount of this chemical element may evidence the decorations were made in a brazing workshop functioned in an east cultural zone. The set of ornaments of horse bridle from Sniatycze may reflect an influence of Cimmerian horizon, or Thraco-Cimmerian one, in the south-east limits of the Lusatian culture area in the late period of the Bronze Age. Separators of bridle straps in the shape of bird's head with a hook-beak originate from the Scythian culture, and similar specimens occur in western Podolia. A role of an impact proceeding from the eastern territory to Lublin region lands in the younger part of the Early Iron Age becomes significant in the light of lots of new finds of eastern origin. These are not only adornments, military accessories and ceramic goods but also funeral customs usually unnoted in the area of the Lusatian culture.
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