The article proposes a schema for a description and analysis of the lexis of space. The starting point is the assumption that ethnolinguistic research should be directed towards a description of a subject-related image of space, i.e. a subjective factor in the reception of space. As language facts are being analyzed, the linguist deals with units of the initial (surface) level: the level of the direct linguistic manifestation of spatial images, from which it is possible to pass on to the level of base elements shaping the model of space. This requires a generalization of the basic semantic characteristics of the units of the initial level. The necessary condition for analysis at this stage is the representativeness of the material collected for analysis. The level can be considered as extra-linguistic, but the transfer to it leads through an intermediate level, the most interesting one for anthropological linguistics, connecting linguistic and extra-linguistic factors and describing realization of the network of parameters. The analysis is based on folk-dialectal lexis and onomastics of the Russian North as well as presenting the results of the analysis of the semantic field of 'space' in Russian folk toponymy.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.