The well defined principles of justice serve as criteria for legitimation of the modern political order, and the institutional arrangements of the welfare state. Therefore the foundation of such principles can be conceived as one of the highest interests of democracy and of the contemporary political philosophy as well. The aim of this enquiry is to deliver a social-theoretical foundation for the principles of justice going beyond the actual attempts which give a pure logical foundation. The new theoretical foundation consists of four steps. First: the description of the structure of the field of justice. Second: analysing the actual strategies of the foundation of principles. Third: outlining the main point and sphere of a general social theory which can deliver a reliable foundation to approaching the current problems of justice. Fourth: a description of the main features of the main question of justice in the present, namely the emerging of the responsible person and the institutional conditions of its development.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.